RBI Assistant 2023 notification will be released soon. All the candidates who are planning to appear for RBI Assistant 2023 Recruitment exam are now looking for the RBI Assistant Selection Process, Exam Pattern and Syllabus as decided by the Reserve Bank of India. Go through the article below for a detailed exam pattern and syllabus. To know about the RBI Assistant 2023 Exam in short refer to the below table and get to know the important details associated with the exam.
RBI Assistant Selection Process
The selection procedure for RBI Assistant 2023 will be conducted in three phases as mentioned below. The candidates who want to grab the job opportunity of Assistant in the banking sector have to qualify in each stage of the selection procedure.
• RBI Assistant Preliminary Exam • RBI Assistant Mains Exam • Language Proficiency Test (LPT)
RBI Assistant 2023 has a specific syllabus for all the sections asked in both the preliminary examination and main examination. The major sections covered are:
• English Language • Quantitative Aptitude and • Reasoning
The above mentioned three sections are the common sections asked in both the preliminary exam and the mains exam. An additional section of General Awareness and Computer Knowledge is asked in Mains Exam apart from the above mentioned three sections. Sectional cut-off as well the overall cut-off for each phase of the examination must be cleared by a candidate in order to get selected for further rounds of the RBI Assistant 2023 Exam.
RBI Assistant Prelims Syllabus:
English Language– Cloze Test, Reading Comprehension, Spotting Errors, Sentence Improvement, Sentence Correction, Para Jumbles, Fill in the Blanks, Para/Sentence Completion
Quantative Aptitude– Number Series, Data Interpretation, Simplification/ Approximation, Quadratic Equation, Data Sufficiency, Mensuration, Average, Profit and Loss, Ratio and Proportion, Work, Time, and Energy, Time and Distance, Probability, Relations, Simple and Compound Interest, Permutation and Combination
Reasoning Ability– Seating Arrangements, Puzzles, Inequalities, Syllogism, Input-Output, Data Sufficiency, Blood Relations, Order and Ranking, Alphanumeric Series, Distance and Direction, Verbal Reasoning
Data Analysis & interpretation : Simplification & Approximation, Data Interpretation, Data Sufficiency, Number Series, Ratio & Proportion, Quadratic Equations, Averages, Boats & Streams, Simple Interest & Compound Interest, Percentage, Profit & Loss, Mixtures & Alligation, Permutation & Combination, Time & Distance, Probability, Partnership, Pipes & Cistern.
English Language: Reading Comprehension, Cloze Test, Double Fillers, Error Spotting, Sentence Correction, Para Jumbles, Paragraph Completion, Para Summary, Sentence Connector, and Vocabulary.
General Awareness: This section compiles three different sub-sections which are current affairs, banking & financial affairs, and static awareness. It includes topics such as important bank news, economic affairs, national and international news, recent state affairs, agreements, visits, awards and honors, summits & conferences, and obituaries
Computer Knowledge Syllabus: A basic knowledge of Computer is mandatory for the post of Assistant in the banking sector as most of the job responsibilities revolves around working on computers. The candidates will be assessed on the basis of their knowledge of the topics: Languages, Basic Hardware and Software, History of Computers, Devices, Viruses and Hacking.
RBI Assistant Mains Pattern:
Language Proficiency Test (LPT) 2023:
The candidates provisionally shortlisted from the main online examination will have to undergo a language proficiency test (LPT). The language proficiency test will be conducted in the Official / Local Language of the State concerned as detailed below. The candidate who is not proficient in the official/ Local Language will be disqualified.
The local language that is to be tested as per the official RBI Assistant notification are given below:
The preparation for this exam must be done magnanimously keeping in mind the latest pattern and the syllabus of the exam. It is necessary for the students to choose the right set of books to prepare for their examination as the syllabus of RBI Assistant 2023 Exam is quite vast. Candidates must also go through previous years Exams question papers in order to acclimatize to the change in the pattern of the exam and to know the sections from which the questions are majorly asked in the exam.
Mahatma Gandhi was an Indian nationalist leader and spiritual guru who played a significant role in India’s struggle for independence. His philosophy of non-violence and civil disobedience inspired millions worldwide. Mahatma Gandhi’s quotes are powerful and insightful, often touching on themes of peace, justice, and humanity. Here, we’ll explore some of mahatma gandhi’s quotes.
Mahatma Gandhi Quotes:
1) Our aim is the establishment of the kingdom of Righteousness on earth.
2) Peace has its victories more glorious than those of war.
3) Real disarmament cannot come unless the nations of the world cease to exploit one another.
4) No matter how insignificant the thing you have to do, do it as well as you can, give it as much of your care and attention as you would give to the thing you regard as most important.
5) Nonviolence, in the very nature of things, is of no assistance in the defense of ill-gotten gains and immoral acts.
6) Nonviolence is never a method of coercion, it is one of conversion.
7) Nonviolent struggle is impossible without capital in the form of character.
8) Gandhi’s Talisman- Recall the face of the poorest and the most helpless man whom you may have seen and ask yourself, if the step you contemplate is going to be of any use to him. Will he be able to gain anything by it? Will it restore him to a control over his own life and destiny?
9) Religions are different roads converging on the same point.
10) Religion which takes no account of practical affairs and does not help to solve them is no religion.
11) Rights that do not flow directly from duty well performed are not worth having.
12) Satisfaction lies in the effort, not in the attainment. Full effort is full victory.
13) No human being is so bad as to be beyond redemption.
14) Silence becomes cowardice when occasion demands speaking out the whole truth and acting accordingly.
15) Strength of numbers is the delight of the timid. The valiant in spirit glories in fighting alone.
16) Terrorism and deception are weapons not of the strong but of the weak.
17) That line of action is alone justice which does not harm either party to a dispute.
18) The acquisition of the spirit of nonresistance changes one’s outlook upon life. It puts different values upon things and upsets previous calculations. And when it is set in motion, its effect can overtake the whole world. It is the greatest force because it is the highest expression of the soul.
19) The best politics is right action.
20) The danger is greatest when victory seems nearest.
21) The fabled godly Elephant King was saved only when he thought he was at his last gasp.
22) The first principle of nonviolent action is that of noncooperation with everything humiliating.
23) The fullest life is impossible without an immovable belief in a Living Law in obedience to which the whole universe moves.
24) The highest moral law is that we should unremittingly work for the good of mankind.
25) The movement of noncooperation, if it may be considered a revolution, is not an armed revolt; it is an evolutionary revolution, it is a bloodless revolution. The movement is a revolution of thought, or spirit.
26) The problem is a world problem. No nation can find its own salvation by breaking away from others. We must all be saved or we must all perish together.
27) There is a power now slumbering within us, which if awakened would do to evil what light does to darkness.
28) The right to err, which means the freedom to try experiments, is the universal condition of all progress.
29) To believe that what has not occurred in history will not occur at all is to argue disbelief in the dignity of man.
30) To benefit by others’ killing and delude oneself into the belief that one is being very religious and nonviolent is sheer self-deception.
31) True morality consists not in following the beaten track, but in finding out the true path for us and fearlessly following it.
32) Truth never damages a cause that is just.
33) Violence is suicide.
34) We are all children of one and the same God and, therefore, absolutely equal.
35) We hug the chains that bind us.
36) We leave things to Fate after exhausting all the remedies.
37) We may attack measures and systems. We may not, we must not, attack people. Imperfect ourselves, we must be tender toward others and slow to impute their motives.
38) We may not be God but we are of God- even as a little drop of water is of the ocean.
39) We must combat the wrong by ceasing to assist the wrongdoer, directly or indirectly.
40) Western democracy as it functions today is diluted Nazism or fascism. At best it is merely a cloak to hide the Nazi and fascist tendencies of imperialism.
41) What is possible for one is possible for all.
42) When we disobey a law, it is not for want of respect for lawful authority, but in obedience to the higher law of our being, the voice of conscience.
43) Where Love is, there God is also.
44) Where there is only a choice between cowardice and violence, I would advise violence.
45) Conscience is a good guide for individual conduct, imposition of that conduct upon others would be an insufferable interference with their freedom of conscience.
46) Whomsoever you follow, howsoever great he might be, see to it that you follow the spirit of the master and not imitate him mechanically.
47) You should be pioneers in presenting a living faith to the world and not the dry bones of a traditional faith which the world will not grasp.
48) A Government that is evil has no room for good men and women except in its prisons.
49) All faiths constitute a revelation of Truth, but all are imperfect.
50) All fear is a want of faith.
51) All other pleasures and possessions pale into nothingness before service which is rendered in a spirit of joy.
52) A nonviolent resister cannot wait or delay action till perfect conditions are forthcoming.
53) A nonviolent revolution is not a program for the seizure of power. It is a program for the transformation of relationships ending in a peaceful transfer of power.
54) A small body of determined spirits fired by an unquenchable faith in their mission can alter the course of history.
55) By our actions we mean to show that physical force is nothing compared (to) moral force.
56) Capital as such is not evil; it is its wrong use that is evil.
57) Civil disobedience without constructive programs is bound to fail.
58) Cooperation with good is as much a duty as noncooperation with evil.
59) Do not undertake anything beyond your capacity, and at the same time do not harbor the wish to do less than you can. One who takes up tasks beyond his powers is proud and attached. On the other hand, one who does less than he can is a thief.
60) Do not worry about what others are doing. Each of us should turn the searchlight inward and purify our own hearts as much as possible.
61) Each step upward makes me feel stronger and fit for the next step.
62) Every one of my failures has been a steppingstone.
63) Every right carries with it a corresponding duty.
64) Everything is done openly and aboveboard, for truth hates secrecy.
65) Evil can only be sustained by violence.
66) Exploitation is the essence of violence.
67) Faith does not admit of telling. It has to be lived and then it becomes self-propagating.
68) Faith is nothing but a living, wide-awake consciousness of God within.
69) Fearlessness is the first requisite of spirituality. Cowards can never be moral.
70) For a nonviolent person the whole world is one family. He will thus fear none, nor will others fear him.
71) Freedom won through bloodshed or fraud is no freedom.
72) Given the opportunity, every human being has the same possibility for spiritual growth. God is conscience.
74) God reveals Himself daily to every human being but we shut our ears to “the still small voice.”
75) Good government is no substitute for self-government.
76) He who is ever brooding over results often loses nerve in the performance of duty.
77) I am a Christian and a Hindu and a Moslem and a Jew.
78) I am an uncompromising opponent of violent methods even to serve the noblest of causes.
79) I believe in the essential unity of man and, for that matter, all that lives. Therefore, I believe that if one man gains spiritually, the whole world gains with him; and, if one man falls, the whole world falls to that extent.
80) I believe that no government can exist for a single moment without the cooperation of the people, willing or forced, and if people suddenly withdraw their cooperation in every detail, the government will come to a standstill.
81) I can retain neither respect nor affection for a government which has been moving from wrong to wrong in order to defend its immorality.
82) I did not move a muscle when I first heard that the atom bomb had wiped out Hiroshima. On the contrary, I said to me, unless now the world adopts non-violence, it will spell certain suicide for mankind.
83) If a father does an injustice, it is the duty of his children to leave the parental roof. If the headmaster of a school conducts his institution on an immoral basis, the pupils must leave the school. If the chairman of a corporation is corrupt, the members thereof must wash their hands clean of his corruption by withdrawing from it; even so, if a government does a grave injustice, the subjects must withdraw cooperation wholly or partially, sufficiently to wean the ruler from his wickedness.
84) If one takes care of the means, the end will take care of itself.
85) I hate privilege and monopoly. Whatever cannot be shared with the masses is taboo to me.
86) Individuals or nations, who would practice nonviolence, must be prepared to sacrifice [everything] except honor.
87) In matters of conscience, the law of majority has no place.
88) In nonviolent resistance, success is possible even if there is only one nonviolent resister of the proper stamp.
89) In the secret of my heart i am in perpetual quarrel with God that how he should allow such to go on.
90) Intolerance betrays want of faith in one’s cause.
91) It has always been a mystery to me how men can feel themselves by humiliation of their fellow beings.
92) It is a million times better to appear untrue before the world than to be untrue to ourselves.
93) It is not nonviolence if we love merely those who love us. It is nonviolence only when we love those who hate us.
94) It is sinful to buy and use articles made by sweated labor.
95) I want freedom for the full expression of my personality.
96) A civilization is to be judged by its treatment of minorities.
97) Love is the law of life.
98) Love never claims it ever gives.
99) Nothing enduring can be built on violence.
100) First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win.
101) You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty.
102) Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony.
103) The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated.
104) Carefully watch your thoughts, for they become your words. Manage and watch your words, for they will become your actions. Consider and judge your actions, for they have become your habits. Acknowledge and watch your habits, for they shall become your values. Understand and embrace your values, for they become your destiny.
105) Seek not greater wealth, but simpler pleasure; not higher fortune, but deeper felicity.
106) Be the change you are trying to create.
107) Our greatest ability as humans is not to change the world, but to change ourselves.
108) There are two days in the year where we cannot do anything, yesterday and tomorrow.
109) The real ornament of a woman is her character, her purity.”
110) Look at the sparrows; they do not know what they will do in the next moment. Let us literally live from moment to moment.
111) Man should forget his anger before he goes to sleep.
112) Man often becomes what he believes himself to be. If i keep on saying to myself that I cannot do a certain thing, it is possible that i may end by really becoming incapable of doing it. On the contrary, if i have the belief that i can do it, i shall surely acquire the capacity to do it even if I may not have it at the beginning.
113) There is nothing that wastes the body like worry, and one who has any faith in God should be ashamed to worry about anything whatsoever.
114) Many people, especially ignorant people, want to punish you for speaking the truth, for being correct, for being you. Never apologize for being correct, or for being years ahead of your time. If you’re right and you know it, speak your mind. Speak your mind. Even if you are a minority of one, the truth is still the truth.
115) It’s the action, not the fruit of the action, that’s important. You have to do the right thing. It may not be in your power, may not be in your time, that there’ll be any fruit. But that doesn’t mean you stop doing the right thing. You may never know what results come from your actions. But if you do nothing, there will be no result.
116) My faith is brightest in the midst of impenetrable darkness.
117) That service is the noblest which is rendered for its own sake.
118) You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty.
119) For me, the different religions are beautiful flowers from the same garden, or they are branches of the same majestic tree. Therefore, they are equally true, though being received and interpreted through human instruments are equally imperfect.
120) The difference between what we do and what we are capable of doing would suffice to solve most of the world’s problems.
SBI PO Syllabus 2023 holds extreme importance for the aspirants who want to join the State Bank of India as Probationary Officers. It is an important tool to prepare and score well in the exam. SBI PO exam is conducted for the post of Probationary Officer in State Bank of India. Over the years, lakhs of candidates have applied for the Officers category. SBI PO exam syllabus comprises the topics that candidates need to prepare for the exam. SBI PO syllabus for different exams are given below:
• English Language- Cloze Test, Reading Comprehension, Spotting Errors, Sentence Improvement, Sentence Correction, Para Jumbles, Fill in the Blanks, Para/Sentence Completion.
• Quantative Aptitude- Number Series, Data Interpretation, Simplification/ Approximation, Quadratic Equation, Data Sufficiency, Mensuration, Average, Profit and Loss, Ratio and Proportion, Work, Time, and Energy, Time and Distance, Probability, Relations, Simple and Compound Interest, Permutation and Combination.
• Reasoning Ability- Seating Arrangements, Puzzles, Inequalities, Syllogism, Input-Output, Data Sufficiency, Blood Relations, Order and Ranking, Alphanumeric Series, Distance and Direction, Verbal Reasoning.
SBI PO PRELIMS EXAM PATTERN:-
The candidates who get qualified in the Prelims exam advance to the Mains exam. The official notification for the SBI PO recruitment 2023 will be released, and it’s time to prepare now. The major subjects covered in the SBI PO Syllabus 2023 are as follows: • Reasoning Ability and Computer Aptitude • Data Analysis and Interpretation • English • General Awareness
• Data Analysis & interpretation- Simplification & Approximation, Data Interpretation, Data Sufficiency, Number Series, Ratio & Proportion, Quadratic Equations, Averages, Boats & Streams, Simple Interest & Compound Interest, Percentage, Profit & Loss, Mixtures & Alligation, Permutation & Combination, Time & Distance, Probability, Partnership, Pipes & Cistern.
• English Language- Reading Comprehension, Cloze Test, Double Fillers, Error Spotting, Sentence Correction, Para Jumbles, Paragraph Completion, Para Summary, Sentence Connector, and Vocabulary.
• General Awareness- This section compiles three different sub-sections which are current affairs, banking & financial affairs, and static awareness. It includes topics such as important bank news, economic affairs, national and international news, recent state affairs, agreements, visits, awards and honors, summits & conferences, and obituaries
To start the preparation for any bank exam the first requirement is to know its syllabus and exam pattern. A candidate must have a clear understanding of the All Bank Syllabus in order to plan their preparation strategy and achieve the desired goal of a reputed Banking job. Basically, the All Bank Exam Syllabus consists mainly of four subjects- English Language, Reasoning Ability, Quantitative Aptitude, and General Awareness, and in some cases Computer awareness/Banking Awareness.
All Bank Exam Syllabus-2023
The exam in the banking sector is generally conducted for two positions i.e. Clerk & Scale I Officer (Probationary Officer/Specialist Officer). The Clerk a two-tier process (pre + main) while Scale l Officer is a three-tier process (Pre + Main + Interview). Bank exams are given for various positions, and for each post, the syllabus and exam format is different. Some of Banks exams are IBPS PO, IBPS Clerk, IBPS RRB Clerk, IBPS RRB Officer Scale I, and Officer Scale-II.
Apart from IBPS, SBI (State Bank of India) and RBI (Reserve Bank of India) also conduct various exams such as RBI Grade B, RBI Assistant, SBI Clerk, SBI PO, etc. Today, in this article we will provide you with the detailed bank exams syllabus, along with the exam pattern which will help you in acing up your performance for the upcoming banking examination in 2023.
Exam Syllabus: Prelims
The preliminary exam pattern of most of the banking exams for the post of clerical cadre and probationary officers is same. The difference arises in the difficulty level of the questions asked in the exam. the pattern of prelims exam is as follows:
Cloze Test, Reading Comprehension, Spotting Errors, Sentence Improvement, Sentence Correction, Para Jumbles, Fill in the Blanks, Para/Sentence Completion.
Number Series, Data Interpretation, Simplification/ Approximation, Quadratic Equation, Data Sufficiency, Mensuration, Average, Profit and Loss, Ratio and Proportion, Work, Time, and Energy, Time and Distance, Probability, Relations, Simple and Compound Interest, Permutation and Combination.
Seating Arrangements, Puzzles, Inequalities, Syllogism, Input-Output, Data Sufficiency, Blood Relations, Order and Ranking, Alphanumeric Series, Distance and Direction, Verbal Reasoning.
Exam Pattern: Prelims
Exam syllabus: Mains
The main examination includes advanced level of Data Interpretation & Analysis, English Language, Reasoning Ability in addition to General Awareness in the form of current affairs/banking affairs/financial awareness, etc.
Reading Comprehension, Cloze Test, Sentence correction/ improvement, Fill in the blanks, Spotting Errors, Para jumbles, Sentence completion/ Para completion.
Puzzles, Seating Arrangement, Inequality, Data Sufficiency, Input-Output, Syllogism, Order and Ranking, Distance and Direction, Blood Relations, Alpha Numeric Series, Verbal Reasoning, etc.
Approximation/ Simplification, Number Series, Mensuration, Quadratic Equation, Data Interpretation, Data Sufficiency, Profit and Loss, Time and Work, Ratio and Proportion, Simple and Compound Interest, Average, Time and Distance, Partnership, Probability, Problem on Age, etc.
Banking awareness, Current affairs, Prime minister Schemes, Books & Authors, Headquarters, Important days, Currencies, Static General Knowledge (Countries, capitals, Countries visited by Prime minister, Countries involved in new treaties.
The union public service commission (UPSC) annually conducted IAS exam. The syllabus of IAS is divided into prelims and mains. The Prelims exam is the first stage and it is qualifying in nature. Candidates who clear the Prelims exam appear for the Mains exam which is descriptive in nature. After the mains exam, candidates appear for the interview stage. It is important to go through the complete UPSC syllabus and start your exam journey.
Civil Services Prelims Exam
The Civil Services Preliminary examination consists of two compulsory papers of 200 marks each (General Studies Paper-I (GS.1) and General Studies Paper-II (GS.2) or CSAT. The questions will be of multiple choice, objective type. The marks in prelims will not be counted for the final ranking, but just for qualification for the main examination. The UPSC Prelims is an elimination round as 5 to 7% of applicants clear the cutoff of prelims.
Exam Pattern & Syllabus for UPSC Prelims
PAPER I – 200 Marks
This objective paper is for a duration of two hours. There will be total 100 questions. Marks of only this paper is counted to decide the toppers of the preliminary exam. The syllabus of GS Paper 1 is given below.
• Current events of national and international importance.
• History of India and Indian National Movement.
• Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
• Indian Polity and Governance- Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
• Economic and Social Development Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
• General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity, and Climate Change (do not require subject specialization).
• General Science.
PAPER II – 200 Marks
The duration of this paper is Two hours. There will be 80 questions. Marks of this paper are counted to decide the toppers of the preliminary exam. This paper is only qualifying in nature. Candidates just need to ensure that they score at least 33% marks in this paper. This paper is to check the analytical skills of the candidate. The syllabus of GS Paper 2 (CSAT) is given below.
• Interpersonal skills including communication skills.
• Logical reasoning and analytical ability.
• Decision-making and problem-solving.
• General mental ability.
• Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc., (Class X level).
Civil Services Mains Exam
The main exam has 1750 marks while interview has 275 marks. The written examination (main) will consist of the following nine papers, but only 7 papers will be counted for the final merit ranking. For the rest two papers, the candidate should secure minimum marks prescribed by UPSC each year.
Exam Pattern & Syllabus for UPSC Mains
Paper A – Indian Language – 300 Marks
One of the Indian Languages to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution. Languages mentioned in 8th Schedule of Indian Constitution are; (1) Assamese, (2) Bengali, (3) Gujarati, (4) Hindi, (5) Kannada, (6) Kashmiri, (7) Konkani, (8) Malayalam, (9) Manipuri, (10) Marathi, (11) Nepali, (12) Oriya, (13) Punjabi, (14) Sanskrit, (15) Sindhi, (16) Tamil, (17) Telugu, (18) Urdu (19) Bodo, (20) Santhali, (21) Maithili and (22) Dogri. This paper will not be compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim).
Paper B – English Language – 300 Marks
The UPSC CSE syllabus for English includes the following sections – Comprehension of a given passage, Precis Writing, Usage, Vocabulary, and Short Essays. Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa. It is qualifying in nature. Also, It is not counted for final ranking.
Paper‐1: (Essay) – 250 Marks
In Essay Paper, candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in an orderly fashion and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.
Paper-2: (General Studies-1) – 250 Marks
INDIAN HERITAGE AND CULTURE, HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF THE WORLD AND SOCIETY
• Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
• Modern History: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
• The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
• Post-Independence: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
• World History: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
• Indian Society: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
• Role of women: Women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society. Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
• Physical Geography: Salient features of world’s physical geography.
• Human and Economic Geography: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
• Geophysical Phenomena: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
Paper-3: (General Studies-2) – 250 Marks
Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations
• Indian Constitution-historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
• Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
• Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
• Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
• Parliament and State legislatures-structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
• Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary-Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
• Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
• Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
• Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
• Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
• Development processes and the development industry -the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
• Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
• Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
• Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
• Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
• Role of civil services in a democracy.
• India and its neighborhood- relations.
• Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
• Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
• Important International institutions, agencies and foratheir structure, mandate.
Paper-4: (General Studies-3) – 250 Marks
TECHNOLOGY, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, BIO DIVERSITY, ENVIRONMENT, SECURITY AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT
• Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
• Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
• Government Budgeting.
• Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
• Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
• Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
• Land reforms in India.
• Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
• Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
• Investment models.
• Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
• Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
• Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
• Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
• Disaster and disaster management.
• Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
• Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
• Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
• Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
• Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.
Paper-5: (General Studies-4) – 250 Marks
ETHICS, INTEGRITY AND APTITUDE
• Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
• Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
• Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
• Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
• Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
• Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
• Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
• Case Studies on above issues.
Paper-6: (Optional Subject Paper 1) – 250 Marks
Paper-5: (Optional Subject Paper 2) – 250 Marks
The UPSC exam syllabus includes 48 optional subjects covering a wide Horizon of subjects including history geography literature science arts agriculture etc. Candidates have to select one optional subject. There will be two papers for 500 marks (250 each).
Candidates need to choose any one of the below mentioned subjects as their optional.
UPSC Civil Services Optional Subjects:
2 Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
6 Civil Engineering
7 Commerce & Accountancy
9 Electrical Engineering
16 Mechanical Engineering
17 Medical Science
20 Political Science & International Relations
22 Public Administration
List of literature optional subjects in UPSC
Civil Services Interview
• Candidates who cleared the UPSC mains exam will be notified and called for the UPSC personality test or interview you can say. The personality test for UPSC exam will have 275 marks interviewed by a board appointed by Union Public Service Commission. The candidate will be interviewed by a Board that will have before them a record of his/her career. He/she will be asked questions on matters of general interest.
• The object of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in public service by a Board of competent and unbiased observers. The test is intended to judge the mental calibre of a candidate. In broad terms, this is really an assessment of not only his/her intellectual qualities but also social traits and his/her interest in current affairs. Some of the qualities to be judged are mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, a balance of judgement, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion and leadership, intellectual and moral integrity.
• The technique of the interview is not that of a strict cross-examination but of a natural, though directed and purposive conversation which is intended to reveal the mental qualities of the candidate. The interview test is not intended to be a test either of the specialised or general knowledge of the candidates which has been already tested through their written papers.
• Candidates are expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in their special subjects of academic study but also in the events which are happening around them both within and outside their own state or country as well as in modern currents of thought and in new discoveries which should arouse the curiosity of well-educated youth.
The final merit list will be prepared based on the UPSC mains exam and personality test for the total of 2025 marks. Based on the marks obtained by the candidates their cadres will be allotted to them.
Sub Total (Written test): 1750 Marks Personality Test: 275 Marks Grand Total: 2025 Marks